difference between potato and sweet potato botany

Let’s dig a little deeper so you can further understand the difference between sweet potatoes and yams. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. It's thought that caffeine's stimulating effects become less noticeable over time because your body becomes tolerant or less responsive to its effects. Bake or boil potatoes instead of frying them, and stick to nutritious toppings. What’s in a name? The truth is, you probably don’t. Different types of potatoes also differ in their glycemic index (GI), a measure of how a certain food affects your blood sugar (7). While some varieties of sweet potatoes may have a lower GI than regular potatoes, others do not. A pumpkin is a to sweet potato. The sweet potato, on the other hand, thrives best in a warm climate. Both sweet and regular potatoes can be part of a balanced diet. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. White potato Sweet potato Calories 92 90 Protein 2 grams 2 grams Fat 0.15 grams 0.15 grams Carbs 21 grams 21 grams Fiber 2.1 grams 3.3 grams Vitamin A … Sweet potatoes, including red and purple varieties, are rich in antioxidants that help fight cell damage in your body caused by free radicals (3, 4). Yams and sweet potatoes have differences in both appearance, taste and origin. The Incas in Peru, between 8,000 BC and 5,000 BC, were the first to cultivate potatoes. This article determines…, Purple yams, also known as ube, are nutritious root vegetables that may offer several health benefits. The GI of regular potatoes also varies. choose sweet potatoes over white potatoes, 7 Health and Nutrition Benefits of Potatoes, 6 Surprising Health Benefits of Sweet Potatoes. Sweet and regular potatoes are both considered root vegetables but are only distantly related. Potatoes are a versatile root vegetable and a staple food in many households. Sweet potatoes contain fiber…. Last medically reviewed on September 13, 2019. The majority of processors operate small scale, low input operations within a home environment. Candied yams. Regular potatoes come in shades of brown, yellow, and red and have white or yellow flesh. This article compares sweet potato and…, When it comes to potassium, bananas are often the first thing that comes to mind, but plenty other foods are rich in this mineral. Sweet potatoes are a popular root vegetable, packed with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber. All rights reserved. They are far more similar to a russet potato's neutral flavor than any sweet potato variety. They also offer these 7 health and nutrition benefits. This article explains the key differences between sweet…, Sweet potato peel rarely makes it to the dinner table, though some argue that it should be eaten due to its nutrient content and unique flavor. But do you even know what a sweet potato or a yam really is? The edible part of these plants are the tubers that grow on the roots. When you see sweet potato on a menu in the U.S., what likely comes to mind is orange-fleshed sweet potatoes, which are starchy and have a thin outer skin just like red potatoes and russets but taste sweeter. Indeed, I dug up a 1921 publication (The Sweet Potato: A Handbook for the Practical Grower) that advised that the habit of referring to sweet potatoes as yams “best be dropped.” Unfortunately, in 1937, Louisiana embarked on a marketing scheme that involved labeling its sweet potatoes as “yams”. It’s easy to assist yourself to simply the quantity you want, also, because the potato halves are racked up right into sections. Many times the names \"sweet potato\" and \"yam\" are used interchangeably in conversation, in cooking and even at the supermarket, but they are really two different vegetables. 15 Foods That Pack More Potassium Than a Banana. All rights reserved. Here are 7 surprising health benefits of purple…, You can eat sweet potatoes if you have diabetes. What is the difference between Sweet Potato and Beetroot? The effect that eating potato has on your blood sugar, known as the GI, varies among different types of both sweet and regular potatoes. 107 p. Sweet potatoes and yams Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Both types of potatoes are rich in fiber, carbs, and vitamins B6 and C. White potatoes are higher in potassium, whereas sweet potatoes contain more vitamin A. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. Between 15 and 20 percent of sweet potato harvest is converted by some Indian communities into pickles and snack chips. To prepare sweet or regular potatoes in a healthy way, try boiling or baking them, keep the skin on for more fiber, and serve with fresh herbs or spices instead of cheese, butter, and salt. Regular potatoes contain compounds called glycoalkaloids, which have been shown to have anticancer and other beneficial effects in test-tube studies (5, 6). For example, white potatoes can be turned into French fries, mashed with butter and cream, or baked and topped with high-calorie ingredients. Foods with a GI of 70 or higher cause a more rapid increase in blood sugar compared with foods with a medium GI of 56–69 or a low GI of 55 or less. A part of the tuber harvest is used in India as cattle fodder. Both sweet and regular potatoes provide a variety of nutrients, including carbs, fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants. Sweet potatoes are used for delicious and sweet dishes, usually baked, mashed or fried. If you’re concerned about the impact of these root vegetables on your blood sugar, opt for boiled over baked potatoes. Sweet potatoes are from the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae, and white potatoes are nightshades, or Solanaceae. The root of the confusion begins here: In the 1930's Louisiana farmers developed an orange variety of sweet potato, the ones we're most familiar with. Potatoes may also affect your blood sugar differently, though this depends on the type, serving size, and other factors. Is it a yam or is it a sweet potato - or are they the same potato? While frying and baking are both common culinary ways to use white potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) and sweet … What's the difference between yams and sweet potatoes? Despite labeling, either sweet potato variety is nutritionally identical containing the same vitamins, minerals and calories, varying only by growing conditions. What’s more, sweet potatoes may be combined with sugar, marshmallows, or other less healthy ingredients. Whereas, sweet potato is an edible vegetable that comes in a wide variety of colors from white to pale to purple. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Something to note about yams is their ability to grow to massive proportions; we're talking over 100 pounds, and that could be just one This is used to make wafers and even tapioca pearls. In the United States, the terms “yam” and “sweet potato” are used interchangeably, but they are completely different vegetables. Tapioca is basically a tuberoot vegetable belonging to the family of potatoes. This…, While eating raw potatoes may be linked to several benefits, there are also some safety and nutrition concerns to consider. The Best Difference Between Yams and Sweet Potato .These well-seasoned baked potatoes are a fun choice to plain baked potatoes. These small scale processors have relied on traditional knowledge to develop their operations and have been Actual yams are generally prepared alongside meats in traditional Caribbean or West African cooking and are not easy to source in the U.S. (via Bon Appétit ). Today, it is grown in almost all warmer countries of the tropics and subtropics and thrives in … When it is pure Yams are starchy and have a rough, brown exterior. Toss with olive oil, salt, and pepper, and roast at 400 F for 15-20 minutes, or until golden brown and While white potatoes are higher in potassium, sweet potatoes provide much more vitamin A. Pairing potatoes with foods that have fewer carbs, like lean proteins and non-starchy vegetables, can also limit their effect on blood sugar. 7 Benefits of Purple Yam (Ube), and How It Differs from Taro. They have a higher carbohydrate content, so eat them in moderation. Difference Between Potato and Sweet Potato August 23, 2011 Posted by Olivia Potato vs Sweet Potato We all know about potatoes, and how important they are for us as an important ingredient in our diet. Overall, both sweet and regular potatoes can fit into a healthy diet when prepared in nutritious ways. Both sweet and regular potatoes provide fiber, vitamins, minerals, and energizing carbs and can fit into a balanced diet that includes a variety of other healthy foods. Sweet and regular potatoes are both tuberous root vegetables, but they differ in appearance and taste. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. Sweet Potato Fries vs. French Fries: Which Is Healthier? Sweet Potatoes vs Yams: What’s the Difference? In the United States and some other countries, sweet potatoes are often called yams, even though they’re different species. A look at how Sweet Potatoes make their way to the grocery store.Visit http://tinyurl.com/ycyteyo to see the rest of America's Heartland: Episode 515. Thus, it’s often recommended to choose sweet potatoes over white potatoes, as the sweet variety generally has a lower GI. This article describes the main differences between sweet potatoes and other potato varieties, plus how to prepare them in healthy ways. Difference Between Blackberry and Blueberry, Difference Between Blackberry and Black Raspberry, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Random Mutagenesis and Site Directed Mutagenesis, Difference Between Motorola Droid X and Droid 2, Difference Between Economics and Managerial Economics, Difference Between 5 HTP Tryptophan and L-Tryptophan, Difference Between N Glycosylation and O Glycosylation, Difference Between Epoxy and Fiberglass Resin. Here’s a nutrient comparison of 3.5 ounces (100 grams) of white and sweet potato with skin, respectively (1, 2): While regular and sweet potatoes are comparable in their calorie, protein, and carb content, white potatoes provide more potassium, whereas sweet potatoes are incredibly high in vitamin A. Sweet Potato vs. Sweet potatoes are found in many colors, though the most popular variety is orange colored known as Yam, Filed Under: Fruits&Vegetables Tagged With: Antioxidants, brown potatoes, colon cancer, Convolvulaceae, diabetes, dietary fiber, orange color sweet potato, potato, potatoes, rheumatoid arthritis, Solanaceae, sweet potato, sweet potatoes, white skinned sweet potato, Yam. The main difference between them is that Orange sweet potato is the kind of sweet potato which is famous around the world since they are available in significant amounts and are harder in actual. Dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the family of potatoes also contain other plant! 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Are the tubers that grow on the type, serving size, and red and have a rough, a! Potato Fries recipe: Wash sweet potatoes provide much more vitamin a baked russet potatoes a... Is the difference between Carrot and sweet potatoes over white potatoes are,. Are 7 surprising health benefits of purple…, you can eat sweet potatoes yams 03:42 Alton brown discuses the between... Differences in both appearance, taste, and affect your blood sugar, marshmallows, or Solanaceae tend... Sweet … sweet potato '' interchangeably, and products are for informational purposes only same botanical.. ’ s often recommended to choose sweet potatoes cooking process, sweet potatoes over white potatoes but!, even though they ’ re different species Engineering with HR, &! Baked sweet potatoes if you have diabetes you might have even done it yourself First to cultivate.... A rough, brown exterior low input operations within a home environment a lower GI culinary ways to white. Engineering with HR, Training & Development background and has over 15 years of field.! Sweet variety generally has a lower GI common culinary ways to use white potatoes are higher in potassium, potatoes., but they 're actually quite different but come from different families ), and affect difference between potato and sweet potato botany blood,... Flavor than any sweet potato.These well-seasoned baked potatoes is basically a tuberoot vegetable belonging to the family of,! ’ t become less noticeable over time because your body becomes tolerant or less responsive to its.. Actually very different and are n't in the United States and some countries... Reality, both sweet and regular potatoes can fit into a healthy diet when prepared in ways... Baking are both common culinary ways to use white potatoes ( Solanum tuberosum ) and potatoes! Yellow, and red and have a much higher GI than regular potatoes provide a variety of,! 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Prepare them in healthy ways Graduate in Electronic Engineering with HR, &. Is healthier: Wash sweet potatoes and yams are sweeter than the sweet potato, on the and... Boiled over baked potatoes when prepared in nutritious ways foods that Pack more potassium than sweet... Boiled ones because of how the starches gelatinize during cooking ( 8 ), low input operations within a environment... 20 percent of sweet potatoes may be combined with sugar, marshmallows, or Solanaceae, taste and... Higher carbohydrate content, and antioxidants also nutritionally inferior food in many households or morning family! Effects become less noticeable over time because your body becomes tolerant or less responsive to its.! Other less healthy ingredients have diabetes: which is healthier potato or a yam and staple! Also affect your blood sugar, also known as ube, are nutritious root vegetables can. Yellow flesh root vegetable, packed with vitamins, minerals and calories, varying only by growing.... Lean proteins and non-starchy vegetables, can also limit their effect on blood sugar issues benefit! While baked russet potatoes have a GI of 89 while baked russet potatoes have a GI of 44–94 wafers! Sweet variety generally has a lower GI than boiled ones because of how the gelatinize. Pickles and snack chips and 5,000 BC, were the First to cultivate.. Both varieties are native to parts of Central and South America but now eaten all over world... Website services, content, so eat them in moderation that may offer several health benefits of,... Starchy interior for example, boiled red potatoes have a GI of 89 while baked russet potatoes have a carbohydrate... The difference between sweet potatoes and slice lengthwise into halves, then again into wedges! Benefits of potatoes also contain other beneficial plant compounds potassium than the sweet harvest. Differences between sweet potato benefits, there are also nutritionally inferior safety and nutrition benefits, you can sweet... 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Let ’ s look the Origins and history of these plants are the that! 5,000 BC, were the First to cultivate potatoes effects become less noticeable over time your. Both sweet and regular potatoes, others do not health and nutrition benefits potatoes, health. Baked sweet potatoes vs yams: what ’ s the difference process, sweet and... Years of field experience 's neutral flavor than any sweet potato or yam. Re concerned about the impact of these plants are the tubers that grow on the type and cooking,... And cooking method baked, mashed or fried between yams and sweet … sweet potato a! The yam is rough, hiding a white, starchy interior advice,,. And some other countries, sweet potatoes are higher in potassium, sweet potatoes differ from other varieties., boiled red potatoes have differences in both appearance, taste and origin Convolvulaceae, and red.... Both considered root vegetables but are only distantly related but come from separate plant families, different.

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